Maine’s Chanterelles, Our Best Forest Edible

Page 250 of Mushrooms of the Northeast by George Barron

Morel mushrooms used to be my fungal focus in springtime back in Michigan, but the Maine woods just don’t produce them, so for many years I have tried to find a local substitute. Chanterelles now fill that need. My requirements for a morel replacement are:

  1. Easy to spot in the woods. Chanterelles are yellow-golden and stand out “like stars in the black heavens” on the forest floor.
  2. Easy to tell apart from any toxic look-alike. The closest one is the Jack-O-Lantern, Omphalotus illudens, which grow in

    Jack O’ Lantern

    clusters on buried dying wood. These mushrooms are much larger and the gills are much sharper, Chanterelles have blunt, forked ridges rather than gills. Their similarity is decurrent gills/ridges–they run down the stem.  Also, the Jack-O-Lantern is not a killer– it will just make you wish you were dead.

  3. Good eatin’. Chanterelles are known the world over for their awesome flavor. Why go to the trouble of bushwacking through the Maine woods if the reward is only mediocre? They have a fruity aroma and are a delicate addition to eggs or white wine sauces.
  4. Long season. In this sense they beat morels. Chanterelles fruit from early July (as I write this on July 6, there is a cluster next to my stairway to the shore) to late fall.
  5. They stay put. The chanterelle is in a stable symbiotic relationship with trees wherever it grows, it is not a decayer. That means the fruiting bodies (mushrooms) will pop up at least once a year in the same spot. You will not diminish the huge underground part of the chanterelle (mycelium) by picking the mushrooms.
  6. Slow growing. Here’s another way they beat morels. You can leave tiny chanterelles alone and come back in a week and they will be much bigger. Don’t try that with most other ‘shrooms. Bugs don’t like them, but watch out for slugs. We all know here in Maine slugs are at the top, the bottom and everywhere else on the food chain.

The best way to become comfortable with picking wild mushrooms is to take it slow and stick to easily identified species. Get a few good identification books specific to your area (NOT just the internet, do NOT rely on search engine pictures) like George Barron’s Mushrooms of Northeast North America, The National Audubon Society’s Field Guide to Mushrooms or Maine’s own Dave Spahr’s Edible and Medicinal Mushrooms of New England and Eastern Canada. Find an expert in the locality who gathers edible mushrooms if possible or join a mushroom club like our Maine Mycological Association. If you’re pretty sure you have an edible mushroom (other people say 100% sure, but are we ever really?) then begin by eating a very small, cooked portion (never eat raw mushrooms from the wild) and waiting to see if you get an adverse reaction, at least 24 hours. Now comes the fun part: You now have found an edible mushroom and you have taken photos and recorded the date and place. Now all you have to do is check the same spot next year or in the case of chanterelles, every week or so until late fall. With a few more species you’re well on your way to becoming a Maine fungal gourmet.

Sadly, the only way most of us have access to chanterelles is by buying dried ones in little bags at outrageous prices from the grocery store. Here’s the sad part: unlike the king bolete (porcini, steinpilz), chanterelles don’t dry well. Their delicate flavor is lost unlike stronger flavored mushrooms. You might as well not bother. However, some grind the dried ones into powder and use it to flavor sauces, but do that with your own harvest, not with store-bought.

I hope someday to have guests from Italy or Poland whose favorite activity is to hit the woods and look for mushrooms. I remember when the first Russian fishermen came ashore in the late 1980s everyone assumed they’d go to the bars or retail outlets, instead they took to the woods, looking for mushrooms. I could learn from those folks.

Fiddleheads, clams, chanterelles, lobsters, wild blueberries…don’t miss a taste of Maine on your vacation. If only there were a good way to prepare slugs!

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Electric Boat Update 2013

Caution: Geek alert! This article may be wicked boring to anyone who is not interested in the minute details of electric boating.

One of the fun things about lobstering with an electric boat is that weird things happen all the time. Few people know how to put together an electric boat, so things go wrong when amateurs like me build one. So far I’ve managed to avoid sinking, but last October I was motoring to Lamoine State Park to meet the guy who pulls out my boat when all of a sudden, the motor quit. Nothing I could do seemed to bring it back to life, so I decided to tow Eleccentricity with my dingy. Normally I could use the rowing set-up on the big boat, but it was full of traps and I had no room. Fortunately, the wind was blowing the right way, so the job was not that difficult. When I got home I found the problem. I had made a splice in the heavy #6 cable which runs from the battery to the motor. The splice was an aluminum tube with set screws from Home Depot and was rated for outdoor exposure, but it couldn’t handle the marine environment. In fact, it simply turned into powder (aluminum oxide). I had done the wiring on the cheap anyway, using old jumper cables and cheesy splices when the pieces weren’t long enough. Now it was time for marine wiring! Besides replacing all the heavy cable I also increased the size from #6 to #4 (lower numbers are heavier). Marine wiring is tinned to withstand the salt exposure and of course, is more expensive.

Motenergy ME0909, from cloudelectric.com

The other thing that was going wrong was the motor was making chattering noises like it was having trouble getting power. It also had “dead spots” on start-up, so that I would have to manually turn the prop and try again. When I opened up the cover this winter I saw why. The brush holders were so corroded that the brushes were seized  and not making contact with the commutator. More corrosion. I pressed out the brushes and cleaned out the corrosion, sanded down the brushes a bit, applied to them a generous coating of grease and resolved to pay more attention to this issue. I also replaced as many parts with stainless steel as I could and painted the aluminum parts where possible. Now that Eleccentricity is in the water I also put a shower cap over my still-warm motor when I’m done with it. It runs smooth as silk now and is also much quieter. So much so that I thought the motor was using more power for a given speed. When I did the power VS speed test however, it was the same as last year. Thanks to the motor manufacturer, Motenergy, for their tech support.

Stancor 586-915 solenoid

My 4 KW powerplant

My old trailer broke in half as the boat was being launched, but that had nothing to do with it being electric, just another launch disaster. I did have a real breakdown however. One of my reverse solenoids stopped working in the forward mode. The problem was easily fixed by reversing the wires to the motor, although now I have no reverse. A new solenoid is on order. The real problem may be that I exceeded the amperage rating for the solenoid. My approach was to use a SPDT solenoid and make the forward mode the unpowered one (contacts made by return spring force). This is because it didn’t make sense to me to have to power a coil just to go forward, which is what you do 99% of the time. The problem with this is that solenoids are always rated higher on the coil (powered) side. The one I have is 100/300 amps. The 100 amp side (forward) was badly carboned up and no juice was getting through. I think that’s the biggest solenoid I could find for 36 volts. If this continues to be a problem I will have to once again reverse the cables to the motor and make it permanent, so I go forward on the 300 amp side. The other option is to watch my ammeter to prevent me exceeding 100 amps, I have gotten up to 120 amps at full throttle. That’s 4.32 kilowatts or 5.8 HP.

Unlike my rosy prediction last year that I would have my photovoltaics ready for this summer, it didn’t happen. Too many trips to Michigan and money spent on fixing up a house there. Maybe next year. I’m still charging with shore power; it could be worse! I could be riding in a noisy, smelly boat. Next year I should be cruising at 4 MPH on sunlight alone. If the sun ever comes out around here!

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New Lodgings Tax Rate for Maine

Maine has the lowest lodging tax in the northeast. This is the tax collected from guests by hotels and other providers of accommodations like us here at SeaCat’s Rest. Try to find the rates in other New England states and you may have difficulty; this is because often the tax is divided between the state and town or city. Here in Maine we have one rate, 7%. Frugal New Hampshire charges 9%. Massachusetts is one of those double-tax states; in Boston it adds up to 14.4%. You will pay 13.25% plus a $2 fee in the state of New York. New York City tax is so complicated you need an on-line calculator. Connecticut charges a flat 12%. Rhode Island will also cost you 12%. Vermont has double taxation, with 9% for the state and the variable rest for local.

Think Canada is any better? Think again! In Atlantic Canada New Brunswick is lowest at 13% and Nova Scotia highest at 15%.

Forget our neck of the woods, how does Maine compare to the rest of the country? According to the Citizens Research Council of Michigan, in data gathered from 1998, Maine is 50th out of 51!  The extra “state” is Washington DC and the only place where the lodgings tax is lower is Montana, at 4%.

Now it’s time to drop the bombshell. Maine’s lodging tax is going up. In a bitter fight between our legislature and our foul-mouthed governor, our legislature carried the spirit of bipartisanship to a sensible funding of our state government and overrode the governor’s veto of the compromise budget. The vote was 114-34 in the House and 26-9 in the Senate. Now the threat of a government shutdown is averted and Maine will continue to thrive. How much is the tax increase? A whopping 1%! An earlier bill proposed an 11% lodgings tax which this blogger wrote his representative about, expressing his displeasure. “Keep it in the single digits!”, I exclaimed.

So now we have to collect from our guests 8% lodgings tax instead of 7%. This ties us with six other states in the second cheapest position, beaten only by, again, Montana. The new 8% rate will go into effect on October 1, 2013, so anyone booking a stay for any time in October will have to pay the new rate. If your stay straddles the first, I will have to figure out two different rates. The new rate has a sunset provision; we go back to 7% in two years.

Our sales tax will also increase by 1/2 percent, from 5 to 5.5%. So if you’re planing on a visit to Maine you may need to search the couch cushions for some extra pennies. Otherwise, welcome to our low-tax vacationland.

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Lobsters Can Live in your Mooring

I think I took this at Northeast Harbor

Traditionally in Maine boats are moored in their harbors not with big anchors, but heavy chunks of granite. These chunks weigh 4000 lbs and tend to partially sink into the mud, which increases the holding power. From time to time the moorings are raise up to inspect the steel U or eye bolts and chains. Now a new Maine company has come up with a better idea, a mooring with holes where critters can live.

It’s a simple idea really, as long as so many people are putting big, heavy rocks onto the sea bottom, why not create a reef-like habitat? Habitat Mooring of Hamden, Maine  has done just that, and at a price cheaper than granite.

from http://www.habitatmooring.com

I have always heard that concrete makes a poor choice for moorings because underwater it’s “lighter” than granite. All this means is that concrete is less dense and must weigh more on land in order to have the same weight under water. So to equal 4,000 lbs of granite on dry land (which is 2,500 pounds on the harbor bottom) the concrete mooring must weigh 4,450 lbs. The Habitat Mooring is cast of fiber-reinforced concrete and has 12 habitat holes to allow lobsters to find shelter at many times during their life cycles. But not only lobsters can live in the holes, “30 species of vertebrates and invertebrates, including lobster, Atlantic cod, flounder, pollack, sculpin, crabs and mollusks, as well as kelp and other important marine plants” were found on a mooring at Seal Harbor, Maine as compiled by Dr. Ian Bricknell, University of Maine, from dive videos taken in 2010 and 2011 by Mt. Desert Harbormasters Shawn Murphy and John Lemoine.*

As I get ready to launch Eleccentricity for another summer of lobstering, I find myself wishing I had a lobster habitat at the end of my mooring chain. The Habitat Mooring is available in four different sizes from Hamilton Marine.

* from APlaceToCallHome.pdf from the company website above.

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Noise or the Absence Thereof in Our Part of Maine

from http://www.noisecontrol.com, a company which sells products to reduce noise.

I’m selling a house in a medium-sized Michigan city on a busy road. Forty mile per hour traffic is a stone’s throw away and it never lets up. If there happens to be a lull, say around 2 AM, the background roar of the nearby six lane interstate comes to fore. Then there are sirens, airplanes overhead and lawnmowers. When I got back home to Maine the first thing I noticed was the silence. Actually, it’s not silent, just a heckuva lot quieter. A gentle rustling of leaves, chirping of songbirds, gull cries and crow shouts. Bar Harbor’s noon horn from 8 miles away. A distant fog horn. The crack of a mussel dropped by a gull on the rocky shore. In midsummer, the twin poofs of a surfacing porpoise pair. One time long ago, a distant bagpipe solo over the water.

Some potential guests ask about the noise from the airport nearby in their inquiries, but it’s really a different experience when a single point of noise rises, falls and then disappears for a long time. BHB is a small airport with infrequent flights. Contrast this with the relentless hum of most urban areas and you get the picture.

The World Health Organization (WHO) identifies four negative health effects of noise:

  • cardiovascular effects;
  • damage to work and school performance;
  • hearing impairment including tinnitus.
  • sleep disturbance

How is noise defined? Is there a decibel threshold or is noise a measure of relentlessness? A study was conducted in Europe in schools which were near busy roads and/or airports. The noise levels were categorized in four ranges, under about 50 dB, 50-55, 55-60 and over 60. Given the fact that these were “busy” roads and airports, we can assume the noise was fairly constant. The results on children pointed to reduced reading abilities; a loss of 1-2 months of development for every 5 decibels in the tested ranges. There was also an increase of “annoyance”, which the study defined as “a stress response to noise exposure implying reduced well-being and quality of life”.  So it looks like negative health effects start to occur over 50 dB, but damage to hearing happens only over 90 dB.

You can measure your noise environment easily if you have an iPhone and are willing to part with a buck. Follow this link and you will get to this image:

The decibel scale is logarithmic, so a reading of 6o is 10 times as powerful as 50 decibels, and so on. I tested this ap and found that I could not find any place quieter than 40 dB. That is, stone dead silence to me was still reading 40 dB. Normal indoor noises were in the 40-50 range. Outdoors, our 20 mph wind gusts and surf at the shore pushed the scale up to the low 50s, right at mid-afternoon, when the wind is the strongest.

To me, the annoyance factor of noise, coupled with relentlessness is what sets me on edge. A motorcycle with a “performance” muffler, a hip-hop bass vibration, a semi using jake brakes, honking horns, all laid over a constant hum of traffic. None of that exists at SeaCat’s Rest! I’ll take wind, surf and birds any time. Anybody want to buy a house in Michigan?


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Lamoine’s Silver Mines

from http://www.theprospectorsite.com

Ever since moving here in 1995 I’ve been hearing rumors about a silver mine in Lamoine. I formed visions of mine shafts, glittering veins of silver and overnight riches, sometime in the distant past. I always wondered exactly where it was, and if there were any remains. I  finally decided to investigate. This is one of the perks of blog writing, you always have an excuse to follow silly tangents, as long as you write about them.

Two books exist about Lamoine that I know of. The oldest is Lamoine and its Attractions as a Place of Summer Sojourning by John C Winterbotham (1888); and A Souvenir of Old Lamoine, by the Lamoine Historical Society, undated, probably about 1990. While I haven’t been able to get my hands on the former I don’t think it has any information about silver mines, and none in A Souvenir, which I have. But there has been a breakthrough online: the US Geological Survey website has a database on mineral resources at http://mrdata.usgs.gov. By searching for silver mines in Lamoine I have the three documents:

http://mrdata.usgs.gov/mrds/show-mrds.php?dep_id=10121304  (Swett mine)
http://mrdata.usgs.gov/mrds/show-mrds.php?dep_id=10267472#nav (Ford mine)
http://mrdata.usgs.gov/mrds/show-mrds.php?dep_id=10218222#nav(Eureka mine)

Lamoine map from googlemaps. Locations are green arrows, except the Swett, which is covered by the pink pinhead.

The Swett mine is just behind this row of mailboxes

These three records give the GPS coordinates, so we now know the exact locations in Lamoine. Two of the three are on private land and not easily accessed. The landowners probably don’t know they’re there and asking for access would be awkward, but the Swett mine is so close to the road that going to the site is possible, and only 2 miles from SeaCat’s Rest.  I paid a visit on 5/10/13. What I found was a small crater with a built up rim, overgrown by trees. I expect the others look the same.

An overgrown crater is all that remains

So what happened? Did Lamoine yield untold riches to some lucky prospectors? Unlikely. In each of the three records we see: “Development status: Prospect” and “Significant: no”. This tells me that not much came out of value. Holes were dug, nothing was found, the prospectors moved on.

There were two mining rushes in Maine, the first was in 1878-1882. From the Milbridge Historical Society:

In a great flurry of excitement, small mines and prospects were opened in many areas, primarily along the coastal volcanic belt.  Some of the activity came from miners who returned to Maine from the Gold Rush in the West.  He said there were many new shafts drilled, and lots of promotion.  There was ample opportunity to buy mining stock and a large number of credulous fools, ready to make a killing.  A few did well, but most did not.  In most cases, the ore veins were just not big enough to make mining profitable. The Maine State Mining Journal reported in 1880 that Maine was 18th of 20 silver producing states, so there was indeed some silver production here, but never a lot.

The second mining boom was in the late 1950s. The Milbridge article goes on:

Part of an ore body estimated at 4.5 million tons was worked near Blue Hill in 1964-65, and significant nickel copper deposit was drilled but not mined in Union.  The most famous operation was the open-pit mine in Harborside, between Brooksville and Cape Rosier where 800,000 tons of copper and zinc ore were mined between 1968 and 1972.

Probably the most successful Downeast mine was in Blue Hill.  It is said that a million tons of zinc-copper-lead ore were shipped from the Black Hawk mine there.  1,600 men were employed there at $1.10 a day.  You could make more as a carpenter, but it was a reasonable living.  The map distributed by Jenkins shows 21 different mining sites in the Blue Hill area.  No metals have been mined in Maine since 1977.

In summary, Jenkins said that $975,000 was invested in Maine mining.  OF this only $375,000 was invested by Mainers.  Only $35,000 was realized from the total investment.  Of course, he pointed out, all of that $975,000 was spent in Maine, so the state did have economic benefit from mining.  He quoted Frank Bartlett who said in 1882,  that never have more summer visitors come to Maine to watch the hauling of ores from our mines.  There isn’t that much to see, “but they can’t help admiring our beautiful scenery.”

The source for the above quotes was Tom Jenkins, geology instructor and Assistant Professor of Professional Studies at the University of Maine.

What is still unanswered is whether the Lamoine mines were from the first or the second rush. The USGS site lists the source of information on these mines as ME Mines and Minerals, Volume 2 page 33 by Philip Morrill and Wm. P. Hinkley, 1959. So the mines could be from the 1880s or the 1950s.

So I’ve managed to answer the where, how many and maybe a hint of the how successful, but still unknown is the when and who. Do you know?

Addendum: I just heard from the Lamoine Historical Society:

There was a fourth silver mine named the “Little Sue”. (1881 map) It was a about one half mile from the Swett mine, near the salt water.
Mining in the area  started in 1879. No one in Lamoine got rich. In fact most of them were left with worthless mining shares. The Historical Society has a Little Sue original paper share.
The following is a quote from a Lamoine letter dated Jan 11, 1880. “There is quite an excitement here in regards to the mines. Mr. Johnson has commenced blasting;” and a letter  of Jan. 18, 1880: “Mr. Johnson has discovered a very rich one on his farm in sight from the road. The assayer in Sullivan pronounces it gold.”  This mine is not found on the map. It seems that the only money made was by selling the mineral rights to someone else. There were a lot of mines dug, but none successful. Letter of April 13, 1880: “Most every one that you hear of has got a mine. Amos has got one thought to be worth millions.”
The “craze” didn’t last very long.

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Goodbye Detroit?

on McNichols in Detroit, from google street view, 2009

This winter I have been in Michigan preparing a house in Ann Arbor for sale. On one occasion I traveled the 45 miles to the heart of Detroit with a friend so he could buy hardwood. What I saw shocked me. The streets were mostly empty of traffic and pedestrians. Litter was everywhere. Businesses were closed, covered with gang graffiti. Empty lots were filled with tires and rubble. Any surviving business were surrounded by high fences and razor wire. A turn down a residential street revealed boarded-up or burned houses, some obviously once stately. The feeling one gets is being in a dystopic sci-fi movie.

When I got home I decided to find how widespread the problem was. I went to google maps to randomly access street views. I saw some buildings in trouble, but many well kept homes too. Then I noticed the date of the photos, 2009. I started comparing the 2009 street views with pictures of “homes” for sale on zillow in 2013. I found that there had been much more destruction in those four years.

From Zillow.com, now offered for $2,100

from google street view, 2009. Last sold for $59,800 in 2008

The iconic center of destruction is Robinwood Street. Devastation is complete. See the video if you dare.

From Zillow, 2013. Now available for $675. Note how vandals have taken the roof vents. Your mortgage payments would be $2/month

from google street view, 2009. Sold for $89,000 in 2000.

But it would be wrong to think of Detroit as having areas of devastation surrounded by prosperous neighborhoods, with easily defined boundaries; it’s not like that. The decay seems to be everywhere, just in varying proportions. No part of the city seems immune. Even in towns outside the city limits foreclosures are rampant and houses are boarded up. The problem is hard to get a handle on. We want to ask why, but the simple answer is depopulation. Seven hundred thousand people in a city formerly of 1.8 million. No jobs. Bad schools and emergency services. Corruption. The list goes on.

As with all human affairs, there is still opportunity. Outsider investors are attracted by cheap houses. And I mean cheap. Some less than $1000, and falling. Local jobless residents like to tear out the valuable bits of abandoned homes and sell them for scrap. Homeowners stuck with mortgages for worthless buildings may be tempted to burn them to collect the insurance, however this is hardly an opportunity.

The way forward is not clear. Many residents continue to hang on and some buildings are being renovated. Creative ideas are surfacing for the use of new empty areas, perhaps urban farms. Wildlife is returning; beavers and pheasants have been sighted. A new emergency manager has been appointed by the governor to prevent Detroit from declaring bankruptcy. Detroit has been in decline for years, certainly since the 1970s, so the fact that things are so bad now is no surprise. Accordingly, those who remain are not easily frightened away. They’re tough and ornery. They will continue to hang on as long as they can hustle a living, which may become easier as recovering industries consider the cheap land. Still, one cannot help but mourn the state of decline of Michigan’s largest city, once the fifth largest in the country, once the “arsenal of democracy”, the origin and center of America’s auto industry and Motown music. My parents lived here in the late 40s, my sister and wife were born here and my dad died here.

Will Detroit have a future? Will there be a new Detroit, a Swiss cheese of grassland and pockets of housing and commerce? I hope so. Bravo to Whole Foods for building a new store at John R and Mack downtown, a sorely needed grocery store. Let’s hope they are leading Motown back.

From http://www.dailymail.co.uk. See article below.

So should you buy a $1,000 house in Detroit? Probably not, but cheers to those who do and good luck to them.

For more amazing pictures go to this article. Also, there’s an independent lens special on PBS on May 27 at 10 PM called Detropia, which shows some positive efforts to turn things around. Check your local listings.

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Jamestown and Popham Colonies: A Comparison

Fourteen-year-old “Jane”, Jamestown colonist cannibalized after she died in 1610. Reconstructed from skeletal remains. Photo: Donald E. Hurlbert and Studio EIS. More details at http://www.usatoday.com/story/dispatches/2013/05/01/jamestown-settlement-cannibalism/2127877/

1607 was an important year in American history. Thirteen years before the Mayflower sailed two colonies were founded, one each in what are now Virginia and Maine. Because the Jamestown colony was founded first by a few months, on May 14 verses August 13 for Popham, it shall always be the most important. However if I had to choose which colony to be a member of, Popham would win hands down. History books also state that Jamestown was “successful” while Popham was “failed”. I’m not sure I agree with their definition of success, since the chances of surviving the Jamestown disaster the first winter was 1 in 2, in 1610 it was one in nine. The Jamestown settlement stayed while the Popham colonists decided to go back to England in the fall of 1608, with only one fatality, George Popham. Over the winter they built a ship, the thirty ton Virginia of Sagadahoc, which made a supply run to Jamestown in 1609 after sailing back to England. Probably the main reason they decided to go back was the fact that Popham’s successor,  Raleigh Gilbert, learned that his brother died in the summer of 1608, meaning he was now heir to the Compton Castle in Devon, England.

Compton Castle, from Wikipedia

What a choice for 30 year old Raleigh Gilbert. Camping out through another winter in Maine or assuming ownership of an English country castle. What would you do?

From what we can find out about the Popham colony, they mostly fulfilled their mission to demonstrate that new world timber could be used for shipbuilding, and they also shipped back cargo of furs and sarsaparilla obtained from the Abenaki Nation Indians. They had been charged with finding precious metals too, but that didn’t happen.

Meanwhile, the Jamestown colony was in peril. The location was chosen because it was free from hostile Indians, but there was a reason for that. The water was brackish and undrinkable, it was unsuitable for agriculture and plagued by mosquitoes. Although the Popham settlement was also not on great terms with the Native Americans, their first winter was, well, more successful. Both colonies suffered from the shortcomings of the English hierarchy: there were not enough talented farmers and survivalists and too many aristocrats. Suspicion of Indians made for lost good will and aid, or so we conjecture from our safe distance. Two competing enterprises, the Virginia Company (Jamestown) and the Plymouth Company (Popham), were trying to win the prize of the rights to coastal territory.  So both colonies were seeking profits. In 1609 the Virginia Company won, but at great cost to the Jamestown colonists.

Regardless of which colony you consider to be more important, don’t miss the opportunity to visit Popham Beach State Park. It has only been since 1994 that the location of the colony has been known and excavated.

Raleigh Gilbert, from http://www.mainememory.net/artifact/61118/



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New Type of Wind Power in Maine

Altaeros Energy prototype, from http://www.altaerosenergies.com/

This past winter in Limestone, Maine a new and radically different wind turbine was tested at the former Loring Air Force base. The device looked like something right off the cover of Popular Mechanics magazine. It is basically a conventional blade set and generator mounted in a jet engine-shaped balloon, referred to as an aerostat. The U.S. military has been using aerostats, helium-filled tethered blimps to spy on Cuba for decades, as anyone who has seen “Fat Albert” off Cudjoe Key, FL knows. So the technology is old and well established. Military aerostats have all the bugs worked out; hurricane resistant, lightning-proof and parts are available.

from the US Air Force website

So it wasn’t difficult for MIT-trained co-founder Adam Rein to put together all the parts he needed to create his prototype. The tethering cables double as transmission wires. An automated system pulls the device to the ground if a storm or malfunction threatens. The unbuilt full-size version is expected to park at 1000 feet, where the wind is brisk and birds are few. Output is projected to be about 30 KW.

Adam Rein. Just a kid, really.

Altaeros is expecting their product to serve in remote sites where diesel generators would normally be the default choice. The diesel option would not be eliminated, just augmented by the wind turbine. The big advantage would be the much reduced need for regular delivery of diesel fuel. In this application the aerostat wind turbine/diesel would be less costly in the long run. When it’s time to move, the device can deflate and break down into a size comparable to a compact car for the trip to the next remote site.

The power of the wind greatly increases with altitude. Placing a turbine on a tall tower requires a crane and is expensive; too expensive for a temporary construction or scientific site. At 1000 feet the winds are strong and consistent; and there is silence on the ground. Cheers to the folks at Altaeros for this new green generation idea. It may not be able to compete with mass produced wind or natural gas turbines but just may fill an important need. Check out the Altaeros website here and see an interview with CEO Adan Rein here. The Altaeros wind turbine is a noteworthy new chapter in wind power, and it was tested in Maine!

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Maine High School Grad Rates Up Again

Bangor Daily News announced the results of the Maine Department of Education’s measurement of the 2012 state graduation rate. For the third year in a row that rate has increased, and is now at 85.34% This puts Maine in the top quarter of the US graduation rates. Comparisons to other states are difficult because it seems every website uses tabulation that has a different result, and then there’s the year to year differences. Even more difficult is attributing the causes of this happy statistic. No child left behind? The Maine Laptop program? Small classes? The great recession? Whatever the result, it looks like Maine educators deserve credit, so thank a Maine teacher today. And I don’t think we can attribute our gains to easier graduation requirements!

from http://www.americashealthrankings.org/all/graduation (slightly different data)

Although it’s dangerous to use anecdotal information to explain a trend, nearby Deer Isle-Stonington High School certainly is doing something right, and may offer clues. The school district contains Maine’s biggest lobster catch area, so local kids may not necessarily be college-bound, but the rates have soared from 58% in 2009 to 94% in 2012. The new principal Todd West has outlined what he believes to be behind the meteoric rise. It all comes down to individual attention. Availability of staff and aggressive monitoring of student achievement on a monthly basis are the specific steps Principal West has taken.

At the bottom of the pack are schools in urban districts, where kids are more likely to be in poor circumstances. Only 75% of kids receiving free or reduced lunch costs graduate, compared to 93% of the non-subsidized. There are also gender differences (males, 83%; females 87%). We noticed this problem when our daughter applied to colleges. In efforts to counter the paucity of boys, colleges admitted them with lower scores, much to our dismay.

Our governor is not helping to graduate more kids. He has taken steps to de-fund teacher retirement and has flatlined school funding. But let’s look at the bright side, Maine schools are improving and just maybe they will survive until the next governor.


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