Acadia

09/23/2014

More About Peekytoe Crabs

Crabs invading? Eat them!

Crabs invading? Eat them!

My 5 trap recreational lobster license gets me plenty of lobsters when they’re crawling around the bottom. But when they’re not around, I get peekytoe crabs instead. Most are too small to bother with, but the larger ones go into my floating crate and stay there until I decide to have a meal of the sweet, tender native Maine crabmeat.

Crabs deserve their name. They’re well, crabby. Ready to fight as soon as you try to grab them, they raise their claws and maneuver around like Muhammad Ali. The best way to handle them is to wear a thick rubber glove and get them from behind, and fling them into a bucket before they have time to grab you. In the bucket they will fight with whatever is already in there. I usually find missing legs when I dump them out.

When it’s time to make a meal of them I use long tongs to get them out of the floating crate. Last time I cooked 13 of them and ended up with 1-1/3 lbs of picked meat, which at our local supermarket would cost at least $25.00. That’s a little under 2 ounces per crab. I talked in detail about how to cook and pick the meat here.

Picking crabmeat is tedious and slow, best accomplished by the full group of folks who will be eating the meal. Making the pound and a third of meat into crabcakes is one of my favorite ways of using it, and it is able to feed four people with leftovers. Crabmeat is very rich; you won’t want more than 1/4 pound per person. The recipe below is my favorite, substituting egg whites for the usual mayo. Don’t expect to have completely shell-free meat, there will be fragments. Chew lightly. If you follow this recipe and use your own crabs or very freshly picked meat, there will be no chance you will ever have a better crabcake at any price.

Please be aware that crab meat is not something you want hanging around in your fridge. Use it quickly; within a few days.

crabcakesPhoto by Mike Kelley

From https://www.hoppinjohns.com:

1 pound fresh lump crabmeat
1 lemon
2 eggs, separated
1 heaping tablespoon coarse grain mustard
¼ pound (1 stick) butter, divided
2 tablespoons minced mild onion
½ cup chopped ripe red bell pepper or ¼ cup green
1 tablespoon sherry vinegar
salt, freshly ground black pepper, and cayenne
1 tablespoon finely chopped fresh herbs of your choice
fine dry bread crumbs

Sprinkle the juice of half the lemon over the crabmeat in a bowl to freshen it. (If the lemon is not juicy, use the juice from the whole lemon.) In a separate small bowl, mix the mustard with the egg yolks.

Melt half the butter (4 tablespoons) in a skillet over low heat and add the onion and bell pepper, cooking until the onion begins to become transparent. Add the vinegar, raise the heat, and reduce until the vinegar has evaporated. Pour the mixture over the crabmeat, add the egg yolk mixture, and toss all together, being careful not to break up the big clumps of crabmeat. Season to taste with salt, pepper, cayenne, and a tablespoon of fresh chopped herbs.

In another large mixing bowl, add about 2 cups of fine dry bread crumbs. These are infinitely tastier if you use dried leftover rolls or baguettes and freshly grate them (I keep them in a paper bag.). Just before cooking the crabcakes, heat the remaining 4 tablespoons of butter over medium heat in a large frying pan. Beat the egg whites stiff and fold into the crab mixture.

Reach down into the crab and fill your palm with a scoop of the mixture. Gently press it into a cake about 3 inches wide and about 1 inch thick. Place 1 cake at a time down in the bread crumbs. Scoop up crumbs from around the cake and pour over the top of the cake. Do not mash the cake or press the crumbs into it: you only want a dusting of crumbs on the cake, not in it.

When the butter is foamy, gently pick up the first cake and put it in the pan. Continue making the cakes and placing them in the pan. You should have six cakes which should fit into the skillet. Cook until browned — about 3 minutes — on the first side, then carefully turn each cake and cook on the other side.

When cooked, the cakes should resemble nothing more than seasoned crabmeat, slightly crisp on the outside. Work carefully and they will not split.

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08/24/2014

Acadia National Park on a bicycle

You’ll take a step back in time when you walk, hike or bike the carriage roads of Mount Desert Island. Go by horse and carriage, the way John D. Rockefeller, Jr. intended when he built the 45 miles of crushed stone roads between 1913 and 1940. Some would say a visit to Acadia isn’t complete without a visit to the trails.

 

manset dockThough sometimes called carriage trails, the word trail is truly a misnomer. The roads are 15 feet wide with generous crowns that keep them well drained. Considered the best example of broken stone roads in the United States, they are, indeed, an engineering wonder. They swoop up the Mountains of Acadia gradually in one direction, then swing down the hill fast in the other direction.

The well-marked roads wander through Acadia National Park, covering long, shady stretches of woodland, views of peaceful lakes and ponds, circling mountain elevations, and showcasing breathtaking views of the Atlantic and nearby islands.
It was more than 60 years ago that Rockefeller donated 11,000 acres to Acadia National Park, complete with the road system he planned, funded, and constructed. The roads are lined with large granite boulders quarried right from the island. Today both visitors and locals enjoy the quiet beauty of Acadia’s beautiful carriage roads.

You will have a choice of bringing your own bike (recommended) or renting a mountain bike at one of three island bicycle shops. There is a bike shop in Southwest Harbor and two shops in Bar Harbor itself. Bicycle rental range between $22- $30 per day. All types and sizes are available. You can even rent bike racks and other accessories. Here is a link to all the shops.

Acadia Bike 48 Cottage Street, Bar Harbor Maine. One block from the Island Explorer Bus Shuttle at the Village Green. Also rents kayaks.
800-526-8615

Bar Harbor Bicycle Shop. 141 Cottage Street, Bar Harbor, ME 04609
207-288-3886 At the far end of Cottage Street, closest to the bridge entrance to the carriage trails. Open all year, they have a variety of types of bikes to rent.

Southwest Cycle 370 Main Street, Southwest Harbor, ME 04679 Located on the west side of the Island. Open all year.
207-244-5856

Groups with small children are encouraged to consider renting either trail-a-bike or a tag-along.  Both are  attached to the back of a bicycle for those ages 4-7 or  rent an actual bike trailer that attaches behind a bike for kids from 1 year to 4 or 5. Customize your solution for your particular child.

There are a variety of routes for beginners, families, moderately fit and the most fit bikers.     The carriage road have slow and fast climbs.   Study the topography to choose the fast side of hills (best to climb on bicycles)  as  you swing around the “mountains” of Mount Desert Island.    The highest elevation you will climb is about 1,000 foot and the average is about 500 foot.  Walking up hills is always an option.  Be sure to bring water as there is only one spot on all the trails with water (Jordan Pond House).   There are rest rooms in three places, Eagle lake parking lot, Parkman mountain lower  and upper parking lots and Jordon Pond house.     This map is from SouthwestCycle’s website:

Here is a lovely video of a bike ride around the island from hipeaks2.   I really do not recommend going hands free – this fellow was a very experienced rider who has done a lot of biking.

Watch this

For beginners  (and rides with multiple ages)  the Eagle Lake Loop is a great first ride.   There are two hills to climb on this loop and a 500 foot elevation change.   Go counter clockwise around eagle lake for the fast rise uphill, and slower downhill.   Clockwise for slow climb up and fast ride down.     The Island Explorer has a special bike shuttle to take you to the small parking lot at Eagle lake.   It leaves from the village green in the center of Bar Harbor.  Do not bike the paved road from Bar Harbor to Eagle Lake.  It is much too busy and has extra hills.    Ask for an alternative internal route either from your bike shop or ask your hotel/ rental for some better routes.

For intermediate bikers, start with the Parkman Mountain trail. The parking lot for this trail is located on the road to Northeast Harbor. Go clockwise for the best experience.

For experienced bikers, the whole carriage trail system can be done in one day, a lovely and tiring day though. Plan to stop for a food/water and restroom break mid-island at the Jordan Pond House. Situated right in the middle of the park.   There is a warning for bikers to not plan on getting their bicycles on the shuttle from the Jordan Pond Bus stop.   There is limited room for bicycles, and that is often filled up at the Northeast Harbor beginning of the bus route.

The Acadia bus system Island Explorer has a bicycle shuttle on every bus, and special bike shuttles to Eagle Lake Parking lot. Transportation is free on the bus system (Thanks to LL Bean). That way, if you have larger plans than your legs can manage, you can grab one of the buses for a ride back to your car.

For bike riders wanting a unique experience, come to the park in May for this ride: Mount Desert Island Westside Ride.  Competitive bike riders can come in August for the Mount Desert Island time trial sponsored by www.bikemaine.org.

From the Mountain Bike Trails in Maine website: The Acadia National Park Carriage Roads can be accessed at the following entrances:

Eagle Lake: This is one of the most popular starting points. The parking area, located east of Bar Harbor on the north side of Rt. 233 often overflows during peak season in July and August. Start your ride early, if possible. Eagle Lake, at 425 acres, is the largest fresh water lake in Acadia National Park. From the lot, there is easy access to the carriage roads that lead toward half Moon Pond, the Breakneck Ponds and Witch Hole Pond. You can also ride the carriage roads around Eagle Lake for a challenging 6.1 mile loop ride that includes a few steep ascents and descents. Expect some rough patches. There are incredible views overlooking the lake.

Paradise Hill: Enter at the northwest end of the Hills Cove Visitor Center parking lot. The 0.5 mile trail that connects to the Paradise Hill carriage road is narrow, step and surfaced with loose gravel. Slippery. Consider walking your bike up and down.

Upper Haddock Pond: The parking area is located just north of the Brown Mountain Gatehouse on the eastern side of Rt. 198.

Lower Haddock Pond: The parking area is located on the eastern side of Rt. 198 south of Upper Haddock. We like to park here as we usually find it quiet and uncrowded. It provides access to most of the major carriage trails, however the access requires some long climbs.

Parkman Mountain: Parking is 2.3 miles south from the intersection of Rt. 198 and Rt. 233 on the eastern side of 198.

Jordan Pond: Jordan Pond parking area (not the restaurant parking lot). The carriage road crosses the Park Loop Road south of the Jordan Pond Gatehouse. Do not park in front of the gates on the carriage road. Jordan Pond is a hub for several major carriage roads and hiking trails as well as the Jordan Pond House Restaurant. The carriage road follows along Jordan Pond’s western edge. There are several rocky sections.

Make reservations at the restaurant in advance (at least the day before your ride), and plan your bike tour of the carriage trails so you end up there just in time for a traditional cup of tea and crumpets on the lawn.

Bubble Pond: Parking is on the Park Loop Road. The carriage trail that travels along the west side of Bubble Pond is easily accessed from the parking area. Nestled between North and South Bubble mountains, just northeast of Jordan Pond is an easy ride with lots of places to stop and admire the views of the “bubble like” mountains.

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06/10/2014

Embarrassments in Lodging

It’s been 7 years now that we’ve been playing hosts to Acadia National Park visitors from around the country and world. Our oceanside apartment has proven to be quite popular. Still, I have deep fears of making big mistakes which could stick out like a sore thumb in our on line reviews.

Al least we had no guests when this happened.

Foremost in my disaster scenario would be a double booking. Imagine losing track of who was coming when and having to deal with a situation where two groups expected to occupy the apartment at the same time. Airlines do this all the time of course, but for me it would be an embarrassment of the highest order. I don’t know what I’d do, but hiding in a closet would seem tempting. It hasn’t happened yet.

The next tier of cataclysm would involve plumbing. These problems have happened already. We started out with one well, which is considered adequate for a family, but is only rated at one gallon per minute. For several years we cut back on our usage on our side, putting off showers and flushing. This gets old. So does having to remind people to conserve. In 2012 we added a second well. It was expensive, but has pretty much eliminated the water supply issue. No more embarrassment about dry taps.

Then there’s sewage. I have been following a strict schedule about pumping the septic tank every few years. At $300 per, it’s also not cheap. The alternative however would be worse, considering that the apartment is, shall we say, downstream. The apartment requires a sewage pump to lift it to the septic system, which brings us to the next embarrassment, the failed sewage pump. I guess these things only last 5 years, and when they fail it’s in the middle of the night on a weekend, with people staying of course. Fortunately it was discovered before it overflowed. So first thing in the morning I was off to Home Depot to get a replacement. Now imagine lifting the sodden old device out of a tank in a closet and moving it through the living room of people on vacation. Memorable. Next time I’m replacing in 4-1/2 years, before it stops working.

Yet another plumbing-related embarrassment happened which I was totally unprepared for. It was fall, and raining hard for two days. My house has perimeter drains which collect the ground water and send it by gravity, to the ocean. What I didn’t know, is that the big pipe which went to the shore was clogged with tree roots. The rain water found its way into the perimeter drains and began gushing out of the floor drain in the laundry room. From there it found its way to the aforementioned sewage tank and then got pumped into the septic system. And yes, it was the middle of the night on a weekend (when pets get sick too). I mopped until morning and then got rid of the roots.

I like to allow my guests to borrow our kayaks. Once I had just tied up to my mooring after pulling my lobster traps, as the kayaking party was coming back. I jumped into my dingy and pushed off. Then I realized I had left the oars in the big boat. I toyed with the idea of paddling wildly with my hands or begging for a tow, but the wind was blowing toward shore (more or less) so I just sat there and tried to look cool as I slowly blew ashore.

Martha

Now we come to my most recent embarrassment, the lost check. The morning after our guest wrote it, I stopped at Home Depot and when I left for the bank, I couldn’t find it. I went back home and tore the place apart, trying to find it. I thought, “It’ll turn up”, but days went by and it didn’t. I knew I’d have to tell my guests, but it did occur to me that I could just let it go. Problem was, it was nearly $500, an amount I would trade (some of) my dignity for. My break in the situation occurred when I heard a loud crash from the apartment. Probably a platter. I can’t express how glad I was that I now had the potential for matching embarrassments. That was my motivation for sending a confessional email (cowardly, I know) explaining the lost check. It all worked out and the bank made $32 in stop-payment fees. After the guests got home they emailed me saying that Home Depot found the check and shredded it. Hopefully this was the 2014 calamity of the year.

We’ve had no break-ins, fires, drownings or broken bones, so by comparison the above embarrassments seem mild. This is nothing like the time I sent a turkey rolling down the driveway just as our Thanksgiving guests (my in-laws) were arriving (it was on fire).  Or the time I drove into the ocean at Lamoine Beach when the town removed the signs for maintenance (it was dark). Or the time Martha Stewart talked to me and I didn’t recognize her (she did look familiar). Will you catch me in an embarrassing situation if you stay here? Probably.

 

 

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05/12/2014

Maine’s Population Density

How does Maine rank in humans per square mile? We’re on the east coast, a heavily settled area for almost 400 years. Does that mean we’re as dense as say, New Jersey, at 1,201 people per square mile?

European fishing and exploring parties appeared off the Maine coast in the late 1400s. That’s plenty of time for our population to soar. But as it turns out, Maine has the lowest density on the east coast, at 43.1 persons per square mile, about 1/28 of New Jersey’s density. New Hampshire has the next lowest of the east coast states, at 147.8 persons per square mile, over three times Maine’s. Here are the rest:

from Wikipedia

  • Massachusetts, 858.0
  • Rhode Island, 1017.1
  • Connecticut, 742.6
  • New York, 417.0
  • New Jersey, 1,201.1
  • Pennsylvania, 285.5
  • Delaware, 475.1
  • Maryland, 610.8
  • Virginia, 209.2
  • North Carolina, 202.6
  • South Carolina, 158.8
  • Georgia, 173.7
  • Florida, 364.6

Not only is Maine sparsely populated relative to the coast, it’s ranked only 13th off the bottom compared to all other states.  Only Oregon, Kansas, Utah, Nevada, Nebraska, Idaho, New Mexico, South Dakota, North Dakota, Montana, Wyoming and Alaska, in that order, have lower population densities. All are west of the Mississippi. Canada’s New Brunswick to our east has a lower density at 27.3 persons per square mile.

Compared to the world, Maine is peopled similar to Sudan (44) Zambia (44) New Zealand (41) and Finland (41). There are 199 countries more dense than Sudan and 38 less dense than Finland.

How did Maine become such a population anomaly? First, Maine’s arable land is not plentiful. Our natural resources like timber and fish do not require a large population to exploit, and can be cyclical. Our greatest asset is our state’s beauty and recreational potential, and that is mostly seasonal. Our proximity to population centers make us a good place to retire or have a second home, but if those folks are in Florida when the census taker comes, they don’t get counted. Our low density makes government services expensive. Roads, schools and emergency services are therefore expensive on a per-capita basis. This means given the choice, people with taxable income tend to make other states their homes for tax purposes.  That leaves us with lots of post-retirement folks and is responsible for another anomaly, Maine is the oldest state…that is, the state with the oldest median age. Maine’s median age is 43.5, compared to a US average of 37.4. We even beat Florida’s 40.4.

Now that’s weird. population density and median age are the same: 43.

Not a human in sight!

This situation could be seen as a negative. Higher taxes, fewer restaurant and shopping choices, vacant buildings and too many cranky old people like me. But if you’re like me, you like solitude. You also like low crime rates, small class sizes, short lines, clean air, abundant wildlife and the lack of the constant buzz of human activity. It’s a great place to visit in the spring, summer and fall, but you have to be a little weird to live here all year.

 

 

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05/04/2014

Eighteen Hundred and Froze to Death

This past winter was pretty rough. We had 7955 heating degree days* from May 4, 2013 to May 4, 2014 at the Bar Harbor Airport. This compares to a 30 year average of 7603. Lately, warm weather has been scarce. It got me thinking about the Year Without a Summer, 1816.

Mt Morris NY Enterprise, 2 Feb. 1876; from fultonhistory.com

Despite being almost two hundred years ago, New England had been successfully settled by Europeans for nearly two hundred years. The farms were prosperous, the population was on the upswing and only the land transportation system was seriously primitive. Farmers grew their crops and cattle for very local markets. The winter of 1815-1816 was mild and dry. The new year was so warm some let their fires go out. But by May, things started to get weird. Farmers would plant crops only to have them killed by frost again and again. By the end of July they must have given up. The plaque of cold was widespread, reaching down to Virginia. Seeds for 1817 became extremely expensive, and so was food.

Meanwhile, the situation became fodder for end-of-the-world types, who maintained the “heat of the sun was exhausted”. Imagine how scary it must have been to wear your winter clothes to the 4th of July celebrations.

So what was the cause? Most likely, a volcano in Indonesia. A really big volcano named Tambora on the island of Sumbawa. It blew with a force unmatched worldwide since 180 AD in April, 1815 and sent an immense quantity of ash into the upper atmosphere. The haze was noticed around the world and stayed up there long enough to affect the weather for more than a year. Call it a 19th century preview of a nuclear winter. This volcano was in addition to the world’s “little ice age” from 1812-1818.

Mt. Tambora today, from kidsoftherecession.wordpress.com. The 1815 eruption
cut the mountain’s height by nearly 5,000 feet.

In 1988 we had just moved to Maine. We rented a house in Montville and one day I took a walk in the woods and saw something I had never seen before. Some long-ago farmer had cleared the land-now a mature forest-and used the endless supply of rocks to build a wall around his new field. A long rock wall running through the woods. I immediately remembered the Year Without a Summer and assumed that the catastrophe resulted in a mass exodus from Maine. I was wrong.

The population trend in Maine was unbroken by the events of 1816. In fact, in the federal census of 1820 showed a 30% increase in Maine’s population over 1810.  Maine had 3.1% of the nation’s population, slightly down from the peak of 3.2% in 1810. Maine’s population has steadily increased in every census since (except for 1860-1870), the only caveat is that increases were much greater in other states, so today Maine has only about 1/2 of 1% of the nation’s population. This is a pattern familiar to my genealogical research. The floodgates to the west opened after the War of 1812, and the crowded New Englanders left their stony farms in droves. The Erie Canal and later, the railroads meant getting crops to eastern markets was a breeze from upstate New York and Ohio. Had the events of 1816 happened a few decades later, the improved transportation situation would have mitigated the suffering.

I have only touched upon the subject, a more thorough treatment can be found here and here. In June of 1991 the Mt. Pinatubo eruption in the Philippines brought Bar Harbor over 8300 heating degree days in 1992.  The similarity between our recent winter and 1816 is weak….unless we get snow in May and June!

*heating degree day= 65° minus average day’s temperature.

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04/22/2014

Festival Time on Mount Desert Island Maine: Spring 2014

One of the toughest decisions that visitors make is when to plan their visit to Maine. For us local folks, all seasons afford a variety of festivals and events. There are choices of activities all year ’round, but the warmer the weather, the more activities to choose from. Although they change from year to year, this post is going to highlight festivals and events in and around Acadia National Park for April, May and June 2014.  You can also visit the community calendars at Fenceviewer, WERU.org, College of the Atlantic or MPBN.org for current events with contact information any time any year. National park specific events are here.

You may get a kick out of attending some very local events, the sort of things that give you a flavor of the area that few visitors see. Pancake breakfasts, high school and local group plays (drama is big here), jazz concerts, choral groups and lectures at College of the Atlantic are highlights.

On April 23 at 6 PM catch an evening of jazz with Bruce Cassaday and friends at the Ellsworth Public Library.

The Grand in Ellsworth presents Dave Mallett on April 25th at 7:30 PM

The College of the Atlantic has a workshop on fruit tree grafting, slated for 10 AM on Saturday, May 5.

The birding festivals start with Wings, Waves & Woods on nearby Deer Isle on the weekend of May 16-18.

Starting May 23 hop onto one of the Acadia National Park ranger-led cruises. These run all summer long in cooperation with local boat tour operators ($). Hikes too, which are free with a park pass.

Come back to COA on May 26 starting at 10 am for their Earth Day celebration. This year’s theme will be transportation. Take a test drive of an electric vehicle.

Acadia Birding Festival  starts 5/30/14- 6/2/14, 8 AM

on June 1, 2014  The Acadia Half Marathon

5/31/14 – 6/02/14  Vettes of Coastal Maine  For corvette lovers.

5/31 – 6/1 Bar Harbor Working Waterfront Celebration

First Friday Art Walk - Bar Harbor June 6th

Acadia Trad School – June 30th to July 4.  Traditional music school featuring Celtic/Acadian and Cajun musicians.   Concerts on Wed Thursday and Friday nights at the College of the Atlantic.

These are only a few of the many things going on here in the Spring season. C’mon up!

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04/15/2014

Acadia National Park Opens Today

Last year was a bit of a mess. Between the sequester and the Fall government shutdown we lost park time at both ends.

Thunder Hole on Park Loop Road

In October, we had the strange situation of park rangers issuing violation tickets to people who entered the park. This shows the irony of a government shutdown; it’s often more expensive than remaining open, and certainly more frustrating. This year things are back to normal; as of last Thursday, the only thing possibly preventing the opening of the road to Cadillac Mountain is a buildup of snow and ice. And the only reason some trails are closed is because they are near peregrine falcon nests. In other words, this year Mother Nature is calling the shots.

As of today, April 15, the road to Cadillac is officially open, the recent warm weather has helped the snow removal. Park Loop Road is also open.

Carriage roads remain off limits to give them time to settle. They are currently sitting on a layer of mud, and until the frost below the mud melts, the roads will be easily damaged. The same goes for any unpaved roads in the park.

Hulls Cove Visitor Center is open 8:30-4:30 daily, Park Headquarters is open as it is all year but Thompson Island Information Center at the head of the island won’t open until May 15.

Peregrine falcon nests have closed the Precipice Trail, including the mountain sections of the Orange and Black Path, and the Valley Cove Trail north of the Flying Mountain Trail. These trails usually reopen in mid August.

Our fantastic free bus system, the Island Explorer, won’t begin service until June 23.

Blackwoods Campground is open for primitive (hike in) camping year ’round but for happy vacationing try our SeaCat’s Rest right on the ocean here in Lamoine. We still have time available from April through October.

from April 2, 2011

They call April the cruelest month around here. We’re teased with a few warm, sunny days and then dumped with more snow. May can be quite rainy. But right now a huge influx of birds have appeared and the first bulbs are popping up. Very soon grass will get that soft shade of green and winter will be forgotten. The snow is gone and outdoor projects beckon. I’ll take it.

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03/04/2014

Maine Lobster Lookback: 2013

Taken from the shore at SeaCat’s Rest

The numbers are in. Maine lobster fishers pulled in 125,953,876 pounds in 2013, just one percent under the 2012 total of 127.2 million pounds. No one asked me how much I, as a recreational five trap guy caught, so that number is shy of the real total. Perhaps someone guesstimates the recreational landings. Once again, these landings numbers blow away the notion that a hundred million pounds is a fluke or an unsustainable harvest. I do strongly suspect however, that Maine lobster fishing is more like free range ranching than fishing from the wild, since the catch depends on 200,000,000+ pounds of bait in our traps. Due to informed practices such as strict size limits and the marking and release of egg-bearing females, most lobster end up getting a free meal rather than ending up on dinner plates. Compare this number with the average harvest in most of the middle of the 20th century, twenty million pounds!

happy haul

Isn’t it funny though, that we seem so ready for bad news that when good news comes along we are totally unprepared? Such is the case for the lobster market: an oversupply of perishable soft shell lobsters depresses the prices to the point that fishing is now a very thin-margin business. For four years in the mid 2000s the boat price for lobsters was over $4/ lb, while diesel was from $2-$3/gallon. Now the prices are reversed: fuel tops $4 and the average price in 2013 paid at the dock was $2.89. This is an improvement over 2012, which was $2.69. In 2012 they were making jokes about lobster being cheaper than bologna. So even though the landings number is 1% less, the increase in price resulted in an extra $23 million to the fishers, in 2013.

This price increase over 2012 seems to be purely accidental, perhaps due to the improving economy. There is sentiment to face this good-news landings situation with a little planning. In other words, what can we do to improve the price situation for Maine’s lobster fishers so that they can afford to fish? One answer could be the new Maine Lobster Marketing Collaborative. Expect to see big bucks spent on promoting Maine lobster in the years ahead. One of the problems is that “Maine lobster” is often used as a generic term for the North American Lobster, Homarus americanus, so we have chain restaurants promoting their “Maine lobsters” from Nova Scotia, etc. (Please don’t write me about how good lobsters from Canada are, I’m not saying they’re not). The new collaborative aims to certify lobsters from Maine so that the public is aware of where their crustacean are from, and reclaim the “Maine lobster” label.

The Maine Lobster Marketing Collaborative takes over from Maine Lobster Promotion Council with a bigger budget and more state government involvement. Their slick new website, http://www.lobsterfrommaine.com, has history, info on sustainability, recipes and lots of links to dealers. What it lacks for now are decent videos…I tried to embed one below and all I found were tiny-window versions. Go here to see what I mean.

Another problem is the glut of soft shell lobster in the summer months. They don’t travel well, so we have to eat them here or keep them in pounds until their shells toughen up. However, the vast majority of the catch is processed so that it is available everywhere, year ’round, as frozen meat. Most processing factories are in Canada, but this is changing. In 2012 a shipment of Maine lobsters was stopped at the border by angry Canadian fishers, who saw our cheap prices as undercutting their hard work. The move to establish more Maine processors has accelerated since. At only 10% of the total, Maine lobster processing has room to grow. Time will tell if it will result in higher prices.

I have a feeling that due to our unusually cold winter of 2013/2014 we may see lower landings numbers for 2014. That will raise prices, but will also start the usual chorus of crash prediction, which may undo the new investments. Tune back in a year to see if I’m right!

 

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02/19/2014

Fungus Among Us

2/13, first evidence that mushrooms are developing…

On January 20 of this year I announced my intention to start growing oyster mushrooms using a new non-sterile technique I read about in Fungi Magazine. The technique, perfected by Milton R. Tam of the Puget Sound Mycological Society of Seattle, WA, uses newspaper-based kitty litter and guinea pig chow in which to grow the fungal mycelium of the oyster mushroom. My first batch, started on that date is now doing great and is just a few days away from harvest. I will stretch this blog out a few days so I can give a full report including pictures, yield and cost per lb..

Day three, 2/15/2014

For the first few weeks not much was going on besides the relentless growth of the mycelium through the medium. Think of how soybeans are transformed into tempeh and you get the picture. Gradually the kitty litter turns white with fuzzy growth until almost no more is visible. This happened in a dark closet at less than 70 degrees F. After two weeks I brought the bag out and placed it on the kitchen counter. I waited a week and nothing happened. I looked up pictures on the web of “oyster mushroom primordium” to see if I was missing something. As it turned out, what I was missing was a little more light. The mushrooms need the light to trigger the fruiting process. I switched on a kitchen grow-light and set the timer for 12 hours/day, and that did the trick. Within a few days little white domes appeared in the bags near the holes I had cut. In a matter of hours the domes differentiated into pincushions and each “pin” then grew a cap and started to resemble a tiny mushroom. Each grouping now contains 50 or more individual mushrooms and each bag has about 4 of these groups. They are growing so fast I can almost hear them grow!

Day 4.

Milton Tam’s article said that the primordia would form “5-10 days” after the two week mark, and I was about to give up on day 23, exactly two weeks and 9 days after the start, when the buds first appeared. I have been mixing up bags once a week since the beginning, and I will mix more today. The goal is to have a steady supply; the next week’s bag will start to produce as soon as the previous is done. My big unknown at this point is how long the spawn will last. So far it has lasted almost a month in the fridge. I have attempted to inoculate more grain (wheat), hoping it will outlast the original.

Overall the project is worth doing. With less effort than making a loaf of bread I get a pound of premium mushrooms, although it takes 3-4 weeks. Once you get to the one month mark however, the reward is already sitting on the counter.

Oyster mushrooms are not only tasty, they’re suspected of containing anti-tumor chemicals. One study found they “inhibit growth of colon and breast cancer cells without significant effect on normal cells, and have a potential therapeutic/preventive effect on breast and colon cancer.” (International Journal of Oncology). Oyster mushrooms are rich in protein (up to 30 percent by dry weight), plentiful in B vitamins, have no cholesterol, and have significant levels of the cholesterol-lowering molecule lovastatin — up to 2.8 percent by dry weight (Stamets, 2005, Alarcon, 2003). If that’s not enough they’re anti-bacterial too! The first mushroom-derived antibiotic, pleuromutilin was extracted in the 1950s. This info on health benefits were taken from an article by mushroom guru Paul Stamets here. Paul also stresses that all mushrooms, including oysters, should be thoroughly cooked before eating. I couldn’t agree more; fungi are the chemical factories of the natural world and need to be respected for their niche; their nutritional and medicinal value is unlocked by cooking.

Day 6. Time to harvest!

From mixing up the first bag until harvest took 30 days and yielded one pound. Since each bag took $3.92 in materials, that’s $3.92/lb. I fried up some this morning and had them in an omlet, it was great. Oysters are “al dente” mushrooms, similar to shiitake, not soft and supple like button mushrooms. There is a possibility that the bags will produce a second flush, so I’m leaving them around for a while. I harvested the second bag too but got only 10 ounces. I think this second bag was a little dry, so I’m planning on adding water to all future bags before they bud.

We just had another several inches of snow and spring seems far off, but the kitchen garden is going strong!

 

 

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02/02/2014

Come run through a painting: Running in Acadia National Park

Maine has plenty of attractions for runners.   We have great running weather, and races are run all year round.  Here’s a link to the race schedule for 2014.   Lots of interesting names for the winter races like: Longfellow frostbite race, and the frozen 5K.

Lamoine starts out the race season each year with the Flattop 5K race at the end of March each year.

In May there is the Tour D’Acadia Race in Bar Harbor to benefit the American Diabetes Assoc, 207-288-5103.

In the spring in Bar Harbor is the second race sponsored by the Mount Desert Island YMCA 5K in June and then there is the Big race in fall/October 14th for 2014, the MDI Marathon.

Rated the 6th best national park for runners, Acadia National Park in Maine has 45 miles of car-free road running in the interior of the park. Built for horse and carriage, these gravel roads are just right for runners, bikers and walkers. The gentle slopes and curving hills provide plenty of beautiful peaceful running.

In addition, you can run, walk and hike on the fire roads on the quiet side of Mount Desert Island.   Here is a list of those from the Southwest Harbor Chamber of Commerce (click here for their map from 2013).

The USA Track and Field Association  has an interesting list of measured courses for running in and around MDI: Here is their link

For runners in the fall there is the magnificent Mount Desert Island Marathon run on October 14th, 2014.. A qualifying race for the Boston Marathon and an official sanctioned race, this is a serious race with folks attending from all 50 states.

Here is a great documentary on the 2010 race…..Thanks to crowathletics

 

Here is a description of the course by Skip Cleaver of coolrunning.com
Our certified 26.2-mile foot race begins in downtown Bar Harbor, where the first mile out is slightly downhill, which will allow runners to warm up before the first hill; a 150-foot climb from mile one to mile three. This incline will carry runners over the ridge between Champlain and Dorr Mountains. Cadillac Mountain, the highest point on the immediate Atlantic Coast at 1,532 feet, will cast its shadow on the early miles of the course.

Route 3 then gives back a downhill sweep from mile three to six where runners meet the sea, and those famous ragged cliffs and headlands at the southeast tip of the Island. The small hill from mile six to seven will not be noticeable because runners will enjoy spectacular scenery along the Hunters Beach Trail.

There is a long, gradual downhill from mile seven to mile nine, then a series of rolling, curving vistas which overlook Seal Harbor, and Cranberry Isles. At mile 10 rolling hills reveal unparalleled scenes, and the village of Northeast Harbor is visible across the ocean. Runners will enter Northeast Harbor, one of six villages along the course –quaint and attractive all– and reach the halfway mark just beyond the town.

The halfway is also near the mouth of the only true fjord on the Atlantic Coast, lined with the pink granite that makes up most of the area, Somes Sound nearly bisects the entire Island. The second half of the race is literally on the edge of this remarkable topographical marvel.

The low point on the course, will come at mile 16 along the eastern shore of Somes Sound. This is followed by a slight rise to mile 17, and then a sharp incline from 17 to 18, heading up to the cliffs of the interior end of the fjord. Running hills makes for powerful camaraderie. Mile 19 is a giveback downhill, and then the gradual ascent from mile 20 to 25 begins in Somesville, the quintessential New England village.

Mile 25 will be the high point of the course, literally and figuratively, and affording great views. And it will be all downhill from there. The final 1.2 miles to the finish line in charming Southwest Harbor descends; yes, that last 2,000 meters will be all down. But what a sky-high feeling of accomplishment it will bring.

Adapted from: ‘The MDI Marathon — Extraordinary Natural Beauty Gives You the Most Scenic Distance Run in the USA’ by Skip Cleaver, coolrunning.com The island is so beautiful, it’s like running through a painting.

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